Chawan (茶碗) - tea bowl

Koicha Chawan

Most Koicha teabowls will fall into two major divisions

Koraimono

Koraimono 高麗ÅF of which there are numerous suitable types

Tenmoku

  1. seiji 青磁: zogan  象嵌 Ko-unkaku 古雲鶴, kyogen-bakama 狂言袴
  2. Ido 井戸
    1. Oido 大井戸
    2. Aoido 青井戸
    3. ko ido 小井戸
    4. Idowaki 井戸脇
    5. kokanyu 小貫入
  3. Soba 蕎麦
  4. Kumagai 熊谷
  5. Tamago-de 卵手
  6. Katade 堅手 a. ko 古, b. amamori 雨漏; c. kinkai 金海
  7. Kohiki 粉引
  8. Mishima 三島 a. ko- 古
  9. Hakeme 刷毛目 a. ko- 古, b. muji 無地
  10. Totoya 魚屋
  11. Kakinoheta 柿の蔕
  12. Irabo 伊羅保 a. ko-, b. kugibori 釘堀, c. katamigawari 片身 変, d. ki-irabo 黄
  13. Goki 御器 a. momiji 紅葉
  14. Gohon 御本 a. gohon; b. goshomaru 御所丸; c. warikodai 割 高台
  15. Han-shi 半使
  16. Mosan 茂山 a Japanese potter, one of several sent to make/oversee tea ceramics production at the JPN-established kilns in Busan (Pusan), Korea

Wamono

Wamono 和物

  1. Raku a mnemonic for remembering the order cho-cho-do, i'-so-sa, cho-toku-ryo-tan, kei-ko-sei-kaku, Kichizaemon

    1. 1st-Chojiro 長次郎 -d. 1589
    2. 2nd-Chokei 常慶 -d. 1635
    3. 3rd-Do'nyu/Nonko 道入・ノンコ -d.1656
    4. 4th-Ichi'nyu 一入 -d.1669; deshi> Ohi 大樋

    5. 5th-So'nyu 宗入 -d.1716
    6. 6th-Sa'nyu 左入 -d.1739
    7. 7th-Cho'nyu 長入 -d.1770
    8. 8th-Toku'nyu 得入 -d.1774
    9. 9th-Ryo'nyu 了入 -d.1834
    10. 10th-Tan'nyu 旦入 -d.1854
    11. 11th-Kei'nyu- 慶入 d.1902
    12. 12th-Ko'nyu 弘入 -d.1932
    13. 13th-Sei'nyu 惺入 -d.1944
    14. 14th- Kaku'nyu 覚入 -d.1980
    15. Kichizaemon  吉左衛門 b. 1949-
  2. Kuniyaki; several suitable for koicha, mainly Mino, Seto
    1. Korean derived Wamono
      1. Satsuma 薩摩; early black teabowls; later decorated bowls
      2. Yatsushiro 八代; Agano 上野; Kokura 小倉
      3. Shodai 小代
      4. Karatsu 唐津
        1. okugorai 奥高麗,
        2. madara 斑,
        3. chosen-garatsu 朝鮮唐津
        4. seto-garatsu 瀬戸唐津 1. honde 本手, 2. kawakujira 皮鯨
        5. mishima-garatsu 三島唐津
        1. hori-garatsu 堀唐津
        2. jakatsu 蛇
        3. kuro-garatsu 黒
      5. Takatori 高取
      6. Hagi 萩
    2. Seto  瀬戸 and Mino 美濃

      1. Setoguro 瀬戸黒
      2. Kiseto 黄瀬戸
      3. Shino 志野 a. E-shino 絵, b. nezumi shino 鼠,c. beni shino 紅, d. neriage 練上
      4. Oribe 織部 a. Kuro-Oribe 黒

Usucha Chawan

In Chakai, "koicha bowls" are usually used for the first (Raku) and maybe second bowl (Korai, Hagi, Karatsu, etc.) but the third bowl is almost always decorated. In Chaji, is it repetitious to used another koicha bowl here so the usucha bowls should properly all be "decorative."

Usucha Chawan

Among Karamono bowls, those proper for usucha would be

  1. sometsuke, shonzui or gosu underglaze cobalt
  2. kinrande overglaze red, green and/or gold
  3. okugorai blue and white (not cobalt underglaze)
  4. Shimamono like Annan are sometsuke types plus overglaze red and green. They have been popular usucha bowls since Rikyu's time; namban 南蛮 chawan are practically unknown
  5. Oranda 和蘭 / 阿蘭陀 European teabowls are very rare but not unknown. Modern teabowls are much more common but nomenclature is still undecided.

Koraimono bowls useful for usucha include the following

  1. zogan Seiji (inlaid celadon)ÅF unkaku, kyogenbakama
  2. Mishima
  3. e-gorai with paintings, carvings
  4. gohon tachizuru, etc.

Kyo-yaki 京焼 refers to ceramics originally made in Kyoto but might include anything influenced by the ceramics created there. These are the first Japanese ceramics signed by their makers. **even Raku Chojiro made hirajawan and tsutsujawan. At Omote, black is used for koicha, red is used for usucha. "Decorated" Raku was made in Edo to compete in the fertle market

  1. Ninsei 野々村仁清 -c1670
  2. Kenzan 尾形乾山 1663-1743
  3. Aoki Mokubei 青木木兵 1767-1833
  4. Ninami Dohachi 仁阿弥道八 1783-1855
  5. Eiraku XI Hozen 永楽保全 1795-1854
    • the Eiraku family continues to make beautiful thin tea chawanÅF
    • XII Wazen 和全 1823-96
    • XIIIA Kaizen 回全 1834-76; XIIIB Kyokuzen 曲全 1819-1883
    • XIV Tokuzen 得全 1853-1909 > wife Myouzen 妙全 1852-1927

    • XV Shozen 正全 1880-1923
    • XVI Sokuzen 即全 1917-98
    • XVII Zengoro 善五郎 1944-
  6. Okuda Eisen  奥田  1753-1811
  7. Ogata Shuhei 尾形  1788-1839
  8. Awata-yaki 粟田焼

Kuniyaki (outside Kyoto) KYUSHU

  1. e-garatsu
  2. chosen-garatsu
  3. mishima-garatsu
  4. Takatori

MINO

  1. ki-seto
  2. e-shino
  3. Oribe: kuro Oribe, narumi,

ETC.

The teabowl should coordinate with the (Tabako bon and) Hi'ire (being careful not to duplicate or interfere).


CategoryDogu

chado: Chawan (last edited 2008-03-08 17:11:15 by localhost)